Q. Deng, L. Liu, R. Zhang, X. Li, J. Michel, and Z. Zhou
Opt. Express 24, 29577-29582 (2016)
Highlight: Athermal and flat-topped transmissions are the two main requirements for a silicon WDM filter. A Mach-Zehnder (MZ) filter which simultaneously satisfies these two requirements has been experimentally demonstrated in this paper. A combination of strip waveguide and hybrid strip-slot waveguide is introduced for athermalization, and two-stage interference is utilized for flat-topped transmission. The temperature dependent wavelength shift is measured to be ~-5 pm/K while the best 1 dB bandwidth is 5.5 nm with 14.7 nm free spectral range (FSR). The measured minimum insertion loss is only 0.4 dB with a device dimension of 170 μm × 580 μm. Moreover, Such a MZ filter is compatible with the state-of-art CMOS-fabrication process and its minimum feature size is as large as 200 nm.